The ins and outs of citrus farming

Citrus farming is both challenging and rewarding. If you’re a farmer, there’s plenty of work to be done both on and off season and you’ll need to invest in the right equipment. If you want to get your citrus farm off to a great start, you can find quality equipment for sale on AgriMag.

Citrus Farming - Orange
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Pruning

When it comes to achieving a good harvest, proper pruning is essential. This practice makes it possible for light and air to reach the various levels of the tree. Without adequate pruning, fruit will only grow on the exterior branches. Enough space between the trees also helps to ensure that they receive enough light. Start pruning after you’ve completed harvesting the fruit. While the best practices vary between different variations of trees, the general aim is to create shorter trees that resemble a bush.

Fertigation

Fertigation is initiated once the picking process has been completed. If it’s started too early, it can prevent fruit from ripening. This process continues for a duration of six months and it’s controlled by a computer for improved precision. Soil samples are analysed to ensure that accurate fertiliser levels are applied to the soil. It’s important to have a soil analysis completed as errors in fertiliser application can be difficult to rectify.

Citrus Farming - Mixed
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Citrus farming risks

When it comes to citrus farming, there are risks you need to be aware of so that you can take the necessary precautions. Beneficial microbes can be purchased and applied to the soil as well as indirectly through the irrigation system. Certain microbes are advantageous because they destroy nematodes and moulds. Mealybugs are a pest that you’ll need to be aware of. You can introduce Cryptolaemus predatory beetles to keep these pests in check. Other beneficial predators include CLGV and wasps.

What equipment do you need for citrus farming?

Quality equipment is the foundation of any citrus farm. The right implements help you to boost efficiency, convenience, and productivity. Take a look at an overview of what you need to get started:
● A compact spreader
A compact spreader is well-suited to working in orchards as its smaller size allows it to pass through narrow tree rows. This machine is used for distributing fertiliser.
● Tractors
Tractors play a vital role in the agricultural industry and the same is true for citrus farming. They can be used for a diverse range of tasks, which makes them an excellent investment for your farm. You can select the size of the tractor that matches the scale of your operations. Buy additional attachments for your tractor to enhance its capabilities.
● Hand tools
Shovels, rakes, and hoes all play an important role in citrus farming. You can also benefit from investing in scythes and picks. Mechanised tools help to increase the efficiency of your operations.
● An irrigation system
In order for your farm to be successful, you’ll need to have a good quality irrigation system. The type of system you choose will be determined by the size of your farm, the soil quality, and source of water.
Sorting machines
When it’s time to harvest your fruit, you’ll need machines to help with the sorting process. These machines have been designed to get the job done without damaging the fruit. Weight and size are just some of the categories that can be used for sorting.

Citrus Farming - Cut Orange
Image Source – stocksnap.io

Now that you know more about citrus farming, you can find the equipment you need on AgriMag. Second-hand implements help you to get your farm up and running without spending a fortune.

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The ins and outs of citrus farming in SA | AgriMag Blog
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The ins and outs of citrus farming in SA | AgriMag Blog
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Citrus farming is both challenging and rewarding. If you’re a farmer, there’s plenty of work to be done both on and off season.
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AgriMag
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