Everything you need to know about sunflower farming in SA

Sunflower farming conditions in South Africa are favourable, which makes growing these flowers a good choice for local agricultural operations.

Sunflower farming crop yield | AgriMag

Photo source – pexels.com

The advantages of investing in this crop include their low input expenses as well as their short growing season. The downside of growing sunflowers is that they can be easily damaged by birds, which means that they shouldn’t be grown in certain regions of the country.

In order to make your business a success, you’ll need to invest in the right equipment. You can find farm equipment for sale on AgriMag.

Soil conditions for sunflower farming

Sunflowers produce good yields in dry conditions, but sandy soil is not suitable for growing these flowers. They’re resistant to drought, which makes them well suited to South African growing conditions.

They can be planted over a minimum of three months, which means that they’re suitable for flexible crop rotation as well as fallow systems. High soil temperatures can decrease the quality of the crop, which makes the conditions in the Western Free State unsuitable for growing these flowers.

Likewise, sand soil in the north-west of the region is also not conducive to consistent crop growth.

Sunflowers that are planted in sandy loam or clay soil, produce the best yields. A clay percentage between 15% and 55% provides suitable conditions for this type of crop.

Soil for sunflower farming | AgriMag

Photo source – pixabay.com

Currently, the main sunflower cultivation areas in South Africa have a clay percentage that is lower than 20%. In drier areas, water needs to be kept in the soil profile prior to planting to increase the chances of obtaining a successful crop yield.

Sunflowers have an extensive root system and they can access water from deep within the soil. This means the crop is still successful when it’s faced with dry conditions.

In areas where there’s low rainfall, the success of this type of crop is increased if it’s planted in deep soil or in areas where there is a water table. When it comes to farm equipment, you’ll need a chisel plough to prepare the soil for planting. You could also use a mouldboard during the preparation process.

Crop yield

When it comes to sunflower farming, it’s important to determine the yield potential of your crop. This information makes it possible to select a cultivator and to set up a fertilisation schedule.

It also plays a role in determining plant density. The soil depth and rainfall play a role in determining the yield potential of your crop.

Selection of cultivars

The correct choice of cultivar is an essential aspect of any successful sunflower farming operation. This decision has an impact on the profits your business generates.

Sunflower farming cultivation | AgriMag

Photo source – pixabay.com

One of the main aspects to consider is the cultivar’s yield as well as the reliability of its yield.

You’ll also need to consider the yield reliability, which is comprised of the average yield as well as the level of risk that accompanies growing that specific variation of sunflower. The yield disposition is also used to determine the reliability of a particular cultivar.

Now that you have a better understanding of sunflower farming, you can find farm equipment for sale on AgriMag. Investing in quality equipment will help to ensure the success of your agricultural business.

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Everything you need to know about sunflower farming in SA | AgriMag
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Everything you need to know about sunflower farming in SA | AgriMag
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Sunflower farming conditions in South Africa are favourable, which make growing these flowers a good choice for local agricultural operations.
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AgriMag
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6 Responses

  1. Chris says:

    Good day to you, i’ve read your article on “Everything you need to know about Sunflower” you make mention of the fact that it does not grow well in Sand soil, i’m a farmer from South Africa currently planting Sunflower in Malaysia in Sand soil close to the coastal area, complete organic using enzyme technology which I developed, we have phenomenal growth, the Sunflower heads which is an oil seed variety, is growing 4 times bigger than usual, i can share some photos if you want.

    • Jani Grey says:

      Hi Chris,

      Thank you for sharing your experience with us. We have your email address and will be in contact with you to find out a little more about your processes and experiences.

      Kind regards,
      The AgriMag Team

    • Dylan says:

      Hey. Would be interested to hear more about your enzyme technology. How do we get in touch?

    • Sara says:

      Hi Chris

      I’m looking for a farmer who is interested in doing farming in Angola ,my email address is sarinankay62@hotmail.com, please contact if you would be interested. Thank you Sara

  2. Esther says:

    Where is a sunflower farm I can use as venue for a wedding? Or just for the photo’s

    • Jani Grey says:

      Hi Esther,

      We’d like to suggest that you do a Google search for the farms and venues in your area then get in touch with them to find out more. Another good way to find great locations is to ask in Facebook wedding groups. There’s always somebody who will know of a great location.

      Kind regards,
      The AgriMag Team

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